Thursday, 19 December 2019

What Should I Do If My Dog Ate Weed?

"My pooch ate weed—presently what?"

You're not the only one in posing this inquiry. As indicated by a veterinary report in Colorado, rates of cannabis inebriation in hounds expanded drastically following the medication's legitimization.

"An expanding number of pets are being determined to have cannabis danger," says Dr. Jim D. Carlson, an all encompassing veterinarian and proprietor of Riverside Animal Clinic and Holistic Center, situated in the Chicago region. "As weed laws are changing, so is the presentation that pets have to the medication."

While cannabis danger might be normal, it's a genuine condition that requires quick acknowledgment and treatment.

ARE SOME FORMS OF MARIJUANA MORE TOXIC TO DOGS? 


Since the authorization of cannabis is progressively far reaching, it's currently accessible in a wide range of structures. From the plant to oils and edibles, there are a lot of chances for canines to get their paws on some weed.

Notwithstanding, every one of these kinds of weed have their very own dangers for hounds.

"The poison in maryjane, tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is profoundly amassed in the blossom buds and minor leaves over the plant," clarifies Dr. Ibrahim Shokry, BVSC, MVSC, PHD, educator of Pharmacology and Toxicology at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine.

"Maryjane leaves have under 10% THC. Oils and margarines utilized in causing confections and nourishment items to contain the most noteworthy centralizations of THC—up to 90%—and are the most harmful," says Dr. Shokry.

WHAT IF YOUR DOG ATE AN EDIBLE? 

Notwithstanding THC, numerous edibles contain different hazardous fixings.

"Eatable structures can add to the danger, as they are frequently figured in mix with fixings, for example, chocolate, which can be deadly in sufficiently high dosages, and spread, which can cause GI upset and possibly pancreatitis," says Dr. Caroline Wilde, staff veterinarian at pet restorative insurance agency Trupanion.

SIDE EFFECTS OF MARIJUANA TOXICITY IN DOGS 

While most people experience genuinely charming impacts from cannabis, hounds don't just get the munchies and sleep.

"Clinical signs create inside minutes to long periods of presentation and keep going for a considerable length of time to days," says Dr. Shokry. "They are mostly indications of focal sensory system wretchedness."

Clinical signs include:
  • Incoordination 
  • Affectability to uproarious commotions 
  • Low pulse 
  • Spilling pee 
  • Enlargement of the students 
  • Low or high internal heat level 
Extra manifestations include:
  • Retching 
  • Sporadic heartbeat 
  • Pee maintenance 
Dr. Rachel Barrack, author of Animal Acupuncture in New York City, says that extraordinary cases can cause:
  • Tremors
  • Seizures 
  • Incapacitated state 
Pooches experience these troubling symptoms more emphatically than people.

"Pooches have more cannabinoid receptors in their cerebrums than individuals," says Dr. Military enclosure. "Consequently, the impacts of maryjane are progressively serious and conceivably increasingly harmful."

TRY NOT TO BE SCARED TO TAKE YOUR DOG TO THE VET

In the event that you speculate that your pooch ate cannabis, look for quick veterinary consideration, decisively.

Your pet's wellbeing is a higher priority than any humiliation you may feel, and it's basic to be straightforward with your veterinarian.

It's likewise critical to advise them regarding the accurate sort of cannabis your pet has eaten, as various structures have various toxicities.

"Have confidence that you aren't the primary individual to come in with an instance of this nature," guarantees Dr. Carlson. "We are just in the matter of giving the best care to your pet, not judging or getting law requirement included on the off chance that you live in a state where maryjane isn't sanctioned."

WHAT TESTS WILL THE VET DO? 

Your pooch will be muddled and befuddled. While you rapidly prepare to go to the veterinarian, keep them in a calm space to help decrease tactile incitement.

When you land at the vet's, they will assess your pooch to see the degree of lethality and the present condition of your canine's body capacities.

"To decide the wellbeing status of your pet, organ work and the earnestness of the poisonous quality, anticipate that your veterinarian should perform blood work and a urinalysis," says Dr. Carlson.

"Pooches now and then eat the holder the medication was kept in or other material when ingesting weed, making demonstrative imaging fundamental," he clarifies.

Circulatory strain is regularly checked, as well, since the pulse can be incredibly diminished and these creatures once in a while require intravenous liquids to help their pulse.

TREATING A DOG THAT ATE WEED

In situations where the ingestion is immediately found, your veterinarian may actuate regurgitating to forestall the beginning of indications, says Dr. Wilde.

Much of the time, in any case, that window has passed, and manifestations must be treated dependent upon the situation.

Dr. Wilde clarifies that most treatment will comprise of steady care, which incorporates (yet isn't restricted to):

  • Hospitalization for kept checking
  • Organization of liquids
  • Cardiovascular help
  • Guideline of temperature
  • Now and again, hostile to sickness medicine

On the off chance that a maryjane consumable likewise contained chocolate, treatment is increasingly forceful.

Chocolate can cause high pulses, seizures and even demise, so treatment can incorporate antiarrhythmics, anticonvulsants, liquid treatment and enacted charcoal, includes Dr. Wilde.

STEP BY STEPINSTRUCTION TO PREVENT MARIJUANA TOXICITY

Despite the fact that the indications and treatment can be unnerving, most pooches recoup from maryjane poisonous quality.

"This may be a prominent medicinal scene for your canine, yet maryjane danger isn't regularly deadly in pets," says Dr. Carlson.

All things considered, guarantee that it doesn't occur once more. In the event that you use weed, stay up with the latest stock all things considered, and guarantee that they're out of your pooch's compass consistently.

"Proprietors should take care in the capacity of maryjane in the home," prompts Dr. Carlson. "Putting away the medication high in a bureau in a holder, for example, a container with a metal cover will anticipate unintentional damage."
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Thursday, 7 February 2019

Get the Best Dog Harness for Your Dog’s Body Type

Settling on a puppy tackle rather than a pooch neckline is an extraordinary decision for canines that pull on the chain, are difficult to control or have potential wellbeing worries because of the state of their heads and necks, similar to brachycephalic puppies, for example, Pugs and Boston Terriers. A canine outfit keeps strain since weight from the puppy rope is disseminated instead of concentrated around the pooch's neck.

The wide range of kinds of puppy tackles can make picking the correct saddle for your pooch a test, so the accompanying tips on the best way to fit a canine bridle will enable you to choose the best choice for your most loved strolling accomplice.

Instructions to Measure Your Dog for a Harness

Puppy outfit sizes are normally founded on a blend of estimations. The correct body estimation necessities differ by maker however almost dependably incorporate your pooch's bigness, or the perimeter of the largest piece of the ribcage.

To decide your puppy's bigness, wrap an estimating tape around your pooch's body an inch or so behind the front legs with the goal that the tape is cozy yet not tight. You can likewise fold a string over your pooch's body at that point contrast it with a ruler to measure the size.

Some canine saddle estimating additionally requires a "lower neck" estimation, which is the thickest piece of your puppy's neck, simply over the shoulders. Once more, modify the estimating tape with the goal that it's not very tight around your puppy's neck.

A few sorts of tackles for mutts that have a lash over the front additionally require a chest width estimation. To decide your canine's chest width, just spot the estimating tape over the front of your puppy's chest and over the breastbone, finishing around an inch behind every leg.

At last, some strolling bridles for canines additionally require your pooch's load so as to decide the ideal fit. As opposed to endeavoring to urge your canine on the scale—which may prompt erroneous perusing—get your pooch and venture on the scale together, at that point subtract your load from the aggregate.

Remember that there is no all inclusive size outline for canines, so one maker's "medium" may be another producer's "little." Once you pick an outfit style, try to pursue the maker's recommendations for deciding your pooch's ideal fit.

Refining the Fit of a Dog Harness

When putting your canine's tackle on out of the blue, change it so it doesn't scrape or rub your puppy's skin as he strolls, especially under the front legs in the "armpit" territory. It ought to be free enough that you can slip two fingers underneath the bridle, yet not all that free that your canine can coincidentally slip out of it.

Keep in mind that your canine has two conceivable departure courses from another puppy outfit—squirming out the front or pulling out the back. Try to test that he can't get free of the tackle. To guarantee an ideal fit, modify one tie at any given moment, until the saddle is resting in the correct spot on your pooch's body and your canine looks protected and agreeable.

Picking the Right Harness for Your Dog

Given the numerous shapes, sizes and needs of our fuzzy closest companions, there is no single, best canine outfit that works for each kind of puppy. The accompanying proposals can help limited your center with regards to picking the correct outfit for your canine.

Form Minded Dogs

In the event that you and your pooch walk obligingly together and appreciate flaunting your own style, your choices are boundless! Conventional strip style bridles, similar to the Blueberry Pet Spring Prints hound tackle, offer an assortment of prints and hues with various alteration focuses to guarantee an agreeable fit. Work style saddles, similar to the Puppia Vivien outfit, include a breathable chest plate that can suit mutts everything being equal.

Difficult To-Fit Dogs

It very well may test locate the correct puppy bridle for breeds like English Bulldogs and Dachshunds due to their novel shapes. Pet guardians need to ensure the bridle is anything but difficult to utilize and suits parts of their mutts' bodies that could hinder an ideal fit, similar to expansive chests and long middles. The delicate calfskin Buddy Belt Classic puppy bridle is a straightforward one-clasp, venture in canine saddle that was really made to fit a smaller than expected dachshund, and furthermore functions admirably on barrel-chested menace breeds. The Julius-K9 IDC Powerharness is another incredible choice for Bulldogs due to its uncompromising development and usability.

Solid Dogs

A no-pull hound tackle enables pet guardians to oversee hounds that are trying to control on rope. No-pull tackles are explicitly intended to diminish pulling—standard saddles are definitely not. The PetSafe Easy Walk hound outfit highlights four alteration focuses to guarantee an ideal fit for pooches everything being equal and has a front ring chain connection that delicately decreases pulling. The Sporn Training hound bridle is a veterinarian-affirmed framework that accommodatingly quits pulling without gagging and highlights cushioned leg sleeves for an agreeable fit.

Senior/Handicapped Dogs

A few puppies need additional assistance with regards to chain strolling. In the case of managing diminished portability from maturity, or post-careful recovery, a saddle that gives additional help, similar to the GingerLead Support and Rehabilitation lifting tackle can make trips outside less demanding. This saddle empowers pet guardians to help a pooch's debilitated back legs easily while taking into account vital cleanliness.

Twofold Duty Dogs

In the event that your canine is the sort that needs to go-go-go the second you turn off the vehicle, settle on a tackle that fills in as a pooch safety belt limitation just as a mobile bridle. The Kurgo Tru-Fit Smart Harness guards your pooch in the vehicle with an accident tried, all-steel clasp framework and highlights five alteration focuses so your canine will stay happy with amid your post-drive walk.
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Monday, 5 November 2018

A New Way to Look at Weight Loss in Dogs

I’ve started thinking about weight loss in a slightly different way than I did in the past. I used to put dogs on a diet, get the weight off of them (sometimes), and then worry about how to keep it off later. Now I think of weight loss and weight maintenance as essentially the same thing. My goal is to find a diet that a dog can eat for the foreseeable future that will first get the weight off and then keep it off. Here’s why.

Weight gain is a sign that something is out of kilter with a dog’s energy balance; too much food, too many treats, the wrong type of food, and/or too little exercise are the culprits.

In a perfect world, I would be able to prescribe a change in the type/amount of food, the elimination of treats, and increased exercise, my recommendations would be followed, and the dog would lose an appropriate amount of weight. But let’s be honest. People have an incredibly hard time doing this even when their own wellbeing is at stake. To ask them to make radical adjustments in their dog’s (and therefore their own) lifestyle is simply too much. But there is an easier way.

First, forget about exercise. Don’t get me wrong, exercise is great and can really help dogs get and stay slim. I just don’t think many owners can maintain significant increases in the amount of exercise they provide their dogs for the long term. I look at any increase in exercise as a bonus. If it happens, great, but don’t plan on it.

Second, keep giving treats. This is a habit that many owners find virtually impossible to break, and if it makes them and their dogs happy, who am I to say that it should be broken at all? My goal is to get the caloric intake from treats to less than 10% of the dog’s total calories for the day. We can usually do this with some simple modifications—breaking dog biscuits in half, switching to a lower calorie treat (mini carrots are great), etc.

Now on to weight loss/maintenance diets. You need to find one that works for both you and your dog. Remember, you may be feeding this diet for many years to come. The three top characteristics to consider are:

  • Price
  • Ease of acquisition
  • Nutrition

Price and ease of acquisition are relatively straightforward. Only consider foods that won’t break your budget and that you can get relatively easily (some can be shipped directly to you). Ask yourself, “Am I going to be able to feed this food for the next five years or longer?”

From a nutritional standpoint, look for foods have the following characteristics:


  • Somewhere on the label you see a statement along the lines of “Brand A adult dog food provides complete and balanced nutrition for maintenance of adult dogs.” Some weight loss diets are only meant for short term feeding and don’t have statements like these on their labels.
  • It contains enough protein. A minimum of 30% on a dry matter basis is good. (Check the guaranteed analysis). Adequate protein levels will help dogs maintain muscle mass while they are losing weight in the form of fat.
  • It is designed for weight loss/maintenance. Studies have shown that dramatically reducing the amount of “regular” dog food you offer will result in weight loss… but also in nutritional deficiencies. The American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) has guidelines that a food has to adhere to if the manufacturer wants to use words like “Light,” “Low Calorie,” “Reduced Calories,” “Low Fat,” etc.


The bonus from looking at weight loss and maintenance in this new way? When your dog reaches its target weight, you should be able to start giving him or her a little more food. What a great reward after a successful diet!
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Thursday, 12 July 2018

15 Useful Tips on How to Care for a Senior Dog

Maturing is an ordinary piece of life, and eventually all puppies progress toward becoming seniors. The vital thing to know is that senior pooches have diverse care necessities than youthful ones.

As a puppy ages, they turn out to be less portable, their listening ability and sight aren't in the same class as they used to be, and they are more inclined to different maladies. All things considered, getting more established isn't a capital punishment and canines can spend their brilliant years sound and upbeat.

Not all canines are thought about seniors at a similar age, so it is essential to see the principal indications of maturing and make the fundamental strides with a specific end goal to keep your puppy solid. To enable you to do that we will share a few hints on the best way to deal with a senior puppy.

Every one of them are imperative and will guarantee that your senior pooch remains sound, glad, and with you for a long time to come.

What occurs amid maturing? 


As a puppy ages, they will begin to have less vitality, may create waterfalls or hearing issues, and their organs will in the end quit filling in too. This implies senior puppies are at higher danger of getting kidney or liver ailment, diabetes, or wind up stout.

Not all canines are thought about seniors at a similar age, and it for the most part relies upon the breed and the pooch's extraordinary attributes. Little breeds are viewed as old when they are 10 or 11 years old. Medium measured breeds, as Golden Retriever, move toward becoming seniors at the age of 8-10, and mammoth breeds are viewed as old by the age of 5 or 6.

Be that as it may, recollect, the hereditary qualities and the way of life of your pooch have an extraordinary impact in the maturing procedure. That implies that your Great Dane that is 6 years of age can be totally solid and hint at no obvious getting old.

Instructions to take care of a senior pooch 

Senior mutts have diverse care necessities than grown-up pooches and little dogs. Also, with a specific end goal to give the most ideal senior puppy mind, you should do things a tad contrastingly so as to keep them solid.

Age-proper eating routine 

An adjusted eating routine assumes a major part in keeping up your pooch's wellbeing notwithstanding when they age. More seasoned puppies are at higher danger of creating stoutness since they never again have an indistinguishable levels of vitality from previously. So it is imperative to locate the best puppy nourishment that is uniquely intended for senior canines with a specific end goal to anticipate weight pick up.

These are regularly low in fat and have less calories that will supplement the nutritious need of your puppy.

Furthermore, since more established mutts frequently experience the ill effects of some condition, you can counsel with your vet if your pooch has a requirement for a unique kind of senior canine nourishment for their condition.

Normal exercise 

Normal exercise will enable your puppy to keep up their optimal weight and will likewise beneficially affect their general wellbeing. You can converse with your vet and request a prescribed exercise program given the wellbeing and restrictions of your pooch.

Be persistent, begin gradually and assemble your canine's stamina with general strolls and light runs on the off chance that they can run. As a canine ages, they have bring down vitality levels, so despite the fact that your little guy could keep running for 30 minutes prior, they won't not have the capacity to do it once they get more established.

Customary vet checkups 

Customary vet mind is a standout amongst the most critical things with regards to administering to more seasoned puppies. As your pooch ages, their resistant framework ends up weaker, which makes them more inclined to a wide range of afflictions.

That is the reason most vets prescribe taking a more established pooch for standard checkups once like clockwork. This will allow your vet to assume if anything isn't right toward the start and give the most ideal treatment to your canine.

Keep up oral wellbeing 

Most old puppies don't get the best possible dental care amid their grown-up life, so it isn't unprecedented to see more established canines with a couple of missing teeth. Dental care is a vital piece of preparing and ought to be performed consistently from a youthful age.

To keep your canine's teeth sound, you have to wash them consistently, and if your pooch isn't a fan, begin giving them dental treats. Likewise, you should take your canine to the vet once multi year to have their teeth professionally cleaned.

Immunization and parasite security 

Your puppy's age doesn't make a difference with regards to bug, tick, and worm assurance. So you should keep directing appropriate medicines simply like previously.

However, with regards to immunizations, more seasoned puppies don't require them at similar interims. Normally once at regular intervals is sufficient, however you ought to counsel your vet since they will comprehend what is best for your puppy's individual needs.

General preparing 

As your puppy ages, so do their jacket and skin, an once rich and sparkly coat can wind up dull looking and weak. Seniors can likewise experience the ill effects of dry, flaky, and disturbed skin that can turn out to be far more terrible if not tended to appropriately.

That implies that you should brush your canine consistently, particularly to maintain a strategic distance from the improvement of mats and tangles. We additionally prescribe that you utilize just regular shampoos that will support and recuperate bothered skin and coat.

Give exceptional facilities 

More established canines frequently create joint inflammation or other bone and joint issues that influence their versatility. Besides, a visually impaired pooch will likewise experience difficulty hopping on the bed or couch during the evening.

In these cases, your canine can profit by delicate sheet material and an effortlessly open bed that won't require bouncing or climbing. Additionally, ascending and down the stairs can turn out to be troublesome and your canine ought to abstain from doing as such.

In the event that there is no chance to get for your pooch to stay away from stairs, you can purchase or manufacture a doggy incline that will make their developments that considerably less demanding. Another arrangement is to just introduce doggy confirmation doors and limit their entrance to the stairs.

That will imply that you should move your puppy's bed, nourishment and water bowls ground floor if conceivable. Additionally, it is a smart thought to put floor coverings and carpets around the house to enable a joint canine to pick up their balance and facilitate their developments a tad.

Some more seasoned canines can go totally visually impaired, so you'll need to ensure that they can explore through the house. That implies that you shouldn't move furniture since this will befuddle your canine and influence them to chance upon things pointlessly.

Invest energy with your puppy 

Maturing is a totally typical thing, however it is extremely troublesome and difficult to witness every one of the progressions that maturing may bring your cherished canine. The best thing you can do is to live at the time and treasure every one of the recollections and consistently went through with your pooch.

A geriatric canine can without much of a stretch wind up on edge in the event that they don't detect their proprietor close by, and that makes them unnerved. So attempt to invest as much energy as you can with your puppy.

Despite the fact that your pooch won't not have the capacity to see or hear you, regardless they require your quality and consideration so as to stay sincerely and rationally sound. So as opposed to harping on your pooch's age, take them for a walk, play with them, and give them treats.

Treat your pooch like your closest companion, meriting your adoration and consideration each and every day.

Timetable standard visits with your veterinarian. 

Your canine should be analyzed at any rate yearly in the event that it seems solid, the same number of infections are covered up and not evident. Keep in mind it is significantly less expensive to forestall illness than it is to treat it!

Request a body condition assessment amid each vet visit. 

Body condition is essential to deciding if your senior pooch is overweight, underweight, or at a perfect body weight. Truth be told, you ought to likewise request that your veterinarian demonstrate to you proper methodologies to assess your puppy's body condition at home.

Feed your more established pooch a top notch abstain from food. 

Likewise, figure out how to peruse the canine sustenance mark and pick an eating regimen that is fitting for your pooch's age and way of life.

Utilize sustenance to keep your senior canine at his optimal body weight. 

Overweight mutts have a higher frequency of infections, for example, diabetes, coronary illness, skin ailment, much growth. Your veterinarian can enable you to pick a fitting eating routine for your puppy, particularly since overweight puppies must be nourished painstakingly to guarantee that every supplement require are met while as yet taking into consideration weight reduction. For example, particular eating methodologies that are bring down in calories and in addition those that are high L-carnitine are accessible for large or overweight pooches. An eating regimen with a precisely picked sugar or starch mix can likewise help keep your overweight puppy feeling satisfied.

Consider invigorating your senior puppy's eating regimen with unsaturated fats, for example, DHA and EPA. 

They have been appeared to be valuable for pooches with portability issues because of joint pain or other joint sicknesses. Supplements, for example, glucosamine and chondroitin are additionally gainful for senior pooches.

Consider an exceptional eating regimen if your more established canine has heart or kidney malady. 

For instance, diets bring down in sodium are some of the time upheld for canines with coronary illness, while diets which help control phosphorus, calcium and other electrolyte levels are given to pooches with kidney ailment. Your veterinarian can enable you to pick the best nourishment for your canine in light of your pooch's individual circumstance.

Deal with your puppy's mouth. 

Brushing your pooch's teeth may appear like a senseless thought however it can help keep your canine's mouth solid. In the event that you can't brush, consider dental treats and toys that assistance keep the teeth clean.

Exercise your senior canine. 

It can help keep your more seasoned canine slender and keep up solid joints and muscles. Nonetheless, tailor your pooch's activity needs to his individual prerequisites. For a substantial breed puppy, strolling around the square is most likely simply beginning yet for a minor Chihuahua, an energetic stroll around the square might be a long trek. On the off chance that your senior isn't utilized to work out, begin moderate and progressively increment the power — and simply after you've counseled a veterinarian. Additionally, be watchful with short-nosed (brachycephalic) pooches on hot days.

Conclusion 
Not all puppies age the same, what is sure is that they all get old sooner or later. Maturing is the regular procedure of things and each proprietor ought to be set up for it.

As a pooch ends up senior, they will have less vitality, more inconvenience strolling, and may create waterfalls or hearing misfortune, in addition to other things. This may sound startling, however truth be told, these things won't occur without any forethought and your puppy and you will have room schedule-wise to adjust to new conditions.

More established canines may have some extraordinary needs that should be met and you should figure out how to tend to a senior pooch. With legitimate elderly pooch care and consideration, your canine will keep up their wellbeing and keep on leading a cheerful life for a long time to come.
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Friday, 6 July 2018

Aggressive Behavior in Dogs (and Cats): How to Handle this Tough Situation

The following essay is based upon thirty years of personal experiences working with dogs, cats and their caretakers. It is not intended to be a scholarly dissertation of psychological, sociological, or ethical foundations for behavioral modification. The views expressed here are my opinions ... you may have a different opinion based upon YOUR life experiences. You are welcome to and I will respect your opinion about this very difficult and emotionally charged topic.

While reading this essay please keep in mind that EVERY case of fear/aggression in dogs (and cats) is unique. No two animals or situations are exactly alike. Nevertheless certain predictable patterns are recognizable, and good judgment based upon informed and thoughtful introspection will lead you to your own best answers.                                               

Aggressive behavior in dogs (and cats) can, unfortunately, be a source of conflict for humans. A certain percentage of pets will display aggressive behavior toward their owners/caretakers or other humans.

In the canine the fear and aggression occasionally seems to "come on out of the blue" but more often is triggered by getting into the dog's "space" or protective territory. This unsocial behavior, while it may be "normal" if the dog (or cat) were interacting with another animal to defend territory or signal "leave me alone", can be dangerous to people. Cats in this fear/aggression mode will bite and scratch...sometimes really terrorizing the owners. And dogs, with eyes glazed, teeth bared and with fearful barking and growling, will back owners into a corner or up onto a kitchen counter! In dogs this is often referred to as rage syndrome and can be a very shocking event for the owner (and I suspect, for the dog as well).

In the feline the aggressive mode may come upon the cat for unknown reasons. The cat will seem to be in a play mode, then the playing turns to more serious stalking, with ears held back and back arched, and often they will growl softly. You can see the fear/anger in their eyes. Or the behavior starts out while the cat is being gently stroked by the owner and the cat begins to become annoyed, then more defensive, then outright aggressive to the innocent owner.

The only way I know to defuse the aggression is to leave the pet's area -- just get out of eyesight. Trying to calm the dog (or cat), or restraining and disciplining him will simply make your pet even more fearful and aggressive.

What is the cause of this aggressive/anger state? It probably stems from very early personality/behavioral development experiences in the pet's life. Events such as deliberate abuse, accidental trauma from objects falling on the pet, scary stimuli such as thunder and lightning, or other animals frightening the puppy (or kitty) may make a permanent impression on it regarding the world around it.

More aggressive littermates can have detrimental effects, too. The critical age range that these events permanently make their impressions generally is from about four to twelve weeks of age; whatever is programmed into the brain's "personality structure" during that timespan will then be set for life.

As we all know, there are humans with personality disorders -- and outright sociopaths who are a danger to others. So it is in the dog and cat world. And as difficult as it is to "pacify" the behavior of maladjusted humans who have the benefit of counseling, therapy and medications, and the love and sympathy of family and friends, much more so is the difficulty in modifying the behavior of dogs and cats who pose a threat to their caretakers.

Let's face it, these dogs (and cats) cannot help being who they are; their impressions of the world have been shaped by events not of their choosing. (Can we say the same for human behavior?) Nevertheless when living and closely interacting with humans (and innocent children) daily, any behavior that endangers human health and safety is unacceptable.

My experience during thirty years of working with dogs and cats has taught me that many well intentioned people, certain that their gentle and loving ways will modify the behavior of the fearful/aggressive dog or cat, have learned a hard lesson in animal behavior.

Often the "saviors" of these animals have been injured and even psychologically harmed when they learn that all their love and understanding will not correct the aggressive animal's behavior.

I am not saying that all dogs and cats with fear/aggression are lost causes; I am saying that a great percentage of them will continue to be a danger to human health and safety no matter who or what attempts to modify the behavior.

So, what is an owner to do? Consult with your DVM, breeders, and animal shelter personnel about your particular dog (or cat), maybe even spend a little money on consultation with a professional animal behaviorist about your pet.

If you choose to keep the pet and attempt behavior modification, be prepared for the experience to dominate your entire home life. Every family member will have to contribute to the plan of action and it will be a 24 hour-a-day experience; that dog or cat will be the focal point of your thoughts and activities.


Are you willing to do that? Should you do that? I have witnessed many sincere and vigorous attempts to modify fear/aggression in dogs and cats that have left the animal's caretakers frustrated, demoralized and injured in their failed attempts to pacify the pet.

At the heart of the problem is the fact that the animal can't help being who s/he is! S/He can't reason that the owners do not represent a threat or that the stimulus triggering the fear/aggression is not a real danger ... he simply acts and responds as ordered to by a brain that was imprinted with certain directions that the animal will never be able to modify.

Many, many times I have been a part of counseling owners about this fear/aggression problem. If we can rule out and are certain that the animal does not have anything physically wrong that may be triggering pain or discomfort, such as bladder stones, gastrointestinal foreign bodies, tumors or infections, and we are certain that the behavior is personality based, the choice may be to euthanize the unfortunate pet.

Even if the pet is "OK most of the time" and only a threat two per cent of the time...is that an acceptable risk for the family to take? If the cat only scratches someone's eye occasionally or only bites severely once in a while, is that acceptable? If the dog only attacks "certain" people or gets frightened only by small children necessitating the continuous separation of small children from the dog ... is that an acceptable risk to have living in your home all the time?

Regrettably, I have seen far too many empathetic and sincerely-intentioned pet owners make excuses for their dog or cat's harmful behavior. I have seen children scarred from dog bites that have occurred well after the dog has bitten the child or others in the past. Some pet owners really go too far in excusing the dangerous behavior of their dog or cat, blaming everything but the dog or cat, and these owners fail to see the improper and dangerous priorities they have set.

In the case of a dog or cat being a real threat to human safety, you must set aside emotional attachment and look at the situation objectively. You must ask "No matter how much I love this animal, is it a danger to human health? Am I, as the caretaker and person responsible for this animal, willing to gamble that it won't ever tear out someone's eye, bite off someone's nose, scar someone's face...or even worse?" You be the judge ... and then you live with the consequences of your choices.

I have had entire families come with their pet to my animal hospital where everyone is crying and completely emotionally drained by the absolute necessity of euthanizing their pet simply because the dog or cat has demonstrated itself to be a danger to them and others. Nobody wins in these situations...not the family members, not the pet, not the veterinarian. Simply put, the animal cannot help being who it is. Unfortunately, who it is can be a danger to human health. It's a no win situation for all involved.

And to give away a pet with fear/aggression personality traits to someone else is not a solution. The innate tendencies of the animal evolved from genetic predispositions and early brain/sensory inputs. You can't help that -- and neither can the dog (or cat).

This article was first published on PETMD
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Monday, 18 June 2018

High Protein Diets Are Best for Weight Loss in Cats

Heavy hitters — they appear to be all over the place (at any rate to vets). We as a whole realize that if big whigs are to appreciate great wellbeing and a long life, we have to enable them to get thinner. In any case, what kind of sustenance is most appropriate to get that going? Two or three late examinations help answer that inquiry.

In the main, analysts took a gander at what impacts giving heavy hitters free access to either a high protein [47% of metabolizable vitality (ME)] or direct protein (27% of ME) eat less carbs for four months would have on the accompanying parameters:

  • Vitality consumption 
  • Body weight 
  • Body arrangement 
  • Vitality consumption 

Convergences of hormones and metabolites related with starch and lipid digestion (glucose, insulin, free unsaturated fats, triglycerides and leptin)

They found that the felines who ate the high protein eat less carbs consumed more calories (balanced for body weight or fit weight) than did the felines who ate the direct protein slim down.

Sadly, the "high protein" felines likewise ate all the more, so at last there was no critical contrast in the two gathering's body weight or in the majority of alternate parameters. In any case, the creators stated that since the big shots eating the high protein eating routine burnt more calories, it is conceivable that a high protein eat less carbs "may help advance weight reduction when vitality admission is limited."

That is exactly what the second examination researched. For two months, sixteen overweight felines were sustained either a high protein (54.2% of ME) or direct protein (31.5% of ME) slim down at 70% of their "support vitality admissions." The analysts found that "while the two gatherings of felines shed pounds at a comparative rate, just felines eating the HP eating routine kept up slender mass amid weight reduction." Also, when the feline's body weight or fit weight was considered, the felines eating the MP eat less carbs consumed less calories than did those eating the HP abstain from food. This drove the creators to finish up:

Results from this examination propose that notwithstanding saving the loss of lean mass, sustaining HP eating methodologies to overweight felines in confined sums might be valuable for forestalling or limiting declines of mass-balanced vitality use amid weight reduction.

The bring home message? While felines can get in shape on any eating regimen as long as we limit their admission adequately, high protein eating regimens enable them to keep up the bulk expected to keep them consuming those calories.
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Another Danger of Homemade Dog Food

I've generally thought I walk a sensible line with regards to natively constructed pooch nourishment. For most proprietors, myself incorporated, the comfort of having a respectable organization outline and produce an eating regimen that meets the greater part of my pooch's wholesome needs basically can't be beat. Be that as it may, for those proprietors who will go the additional mile for their pets, home cooked suppers made by formulas composed by veterinary nutritionists can be a nutritious and tasty choice.

I've recently kept running over an article that is influencing me to scrutinize this line of thought, be that as it may.

Fifty-nine proprietors and their puppies who were recommended natively constructed abstains from food by the Clinical Nutrition Service, Teaching Veterinary Hospital of the College of Agrarian and Veterinarian Sciences, São Paulo State University were incorporated into the investigation. The canines were altogether assessed and after that...

… a healthfully total and adjusted custom made eating regimen was recommended. The fixings utilized as a part of the formulas included cooked rice, potato, meat, chicken, cow-like or chicken liver, carrots, green beans, angle oil supplements, salt, soyabean oil, dicalcium phosphate, calcium carbonate and dried yeast, and also economically accessible vitamin, mineral and amino corrosive supplements to satisfy minor supplement necessities. Not all fixings were utilized as a part everything being equal…

All proprietors got a composed formula that incorporated the day by day measures of every single one of the recommended fixings. The veterinary nutritionist precisely disclosed to proprietors the significance of following the formula, the purposes behind not changing the sort or measure of every fixing, the nutritious significance of every fixing utilized, and points of interest on the best way to plan and feed the eating routine.

What could turn out badly? 


Well… the researchers overviewed the proprietors about their encounters with the custom made weight control plans. Some did not wind up encouraging the recommended abstains from food, but rather for the 46 who finished the investigation:

30.4% conceded they had changed the formula.

40% did not sufficiently control the measure of gave fixings.

73.9% did not utilize the suggested measures of soyabean oil and salt.

28.3% did not utilize the vitamin, mineral, or amino corrosive supplements.

I locate this last point the most stunning. Very nearly 30% of these proprietors who got inside and out clarifications with regards to the significance of following their formulas did not utilize their vitamin, mineral, or amino corrosive supplements AT ALL! Sufficiently given time, these canines could create genuine healthful inadequacies.

So before you consider encouraging your puppy a custom made eating routine, show some kindness to-heart with yourself and sincerely answer these two inquiries:

Is it accurate to say that you will require on the additional exertion and cost expected to set up your pooch's sustenance from a formula outlined particularly to meet his or her specific needs (age, wellbeing status, and so on.)?

Will you take after that formula and not roll out any improvements to it except if you initially counsel with your puppy's nutritionist?
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